che 12

Class 12 – Chemistry


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CLASS  12 – CHEMISTRY with following units explained in details :Unit I. Solid State, Unit II. Solutions, Unit III. Electrochemistry, Unit IV. Chemical Kinetics, Unit V. Surface Chemistry, Unit VI. General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements, Unit VII. p-Block Elements –1, Unit VIII. p-Block Elements-2, Unit IX. p-Block Elements-3, Unit X. d and f Block Elements, Unit XI. Coordination Compounds, Unit XII. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Unit XIII. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers, Unit XIV. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids, Unit XV. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen, Unit XVI. Biomolecules, Unit XVII. Polymers, Unit XVIII. Chemistry in Everyday Life

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Unit I. Solid State

Crystalline solids, Space Lattice, Packing in Crystals, Voids in Close Packed Structures, Properties of solids

Unit II. Solutions

Types of solutions, Raoult’s Law, Ideal and non-ideal solutions, Elevation of boiling point, Depression in freezing point, Osmotic Pressure and its Determination, Abnormal molecular mass and vant-Hoff’s factor

Unit III. Electrochemistry

Free Energy Change, Standard free energy change and equilibrium constant, Electrolytic conductance, Equivalent and Molar Conductivities, Galvanic cell, Some Typical Electrodes, Electrode potential, Standard Electrode Potential and ECS, Gibb’s free energy change and cell emf, Commercial Cells, Corrosion and its Prevention Rusting of Iron

Unit IV. Chemical Kinetics

Average Rate of a Reaction, Order of a reaction, Zero and First Order Reactions, Types of the First Order Reaction, Determination of Order of a Reaction, Activation Energy: Arrhenius Equation, Factors influencing rate of reaction, Collision theory, Complex Reactions and Elementary Reactions

Unit V. Surface Chemistry

Types of adsorptions, Adsorption isotherms, Colloids and their classification, Emulsions, Catalyst and Catalysis

Unit VI. General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Extraction of Metals and Non-metals,  Extraction of iron, Compounds of Iron, Extraction of copper, Extraction of silver, Extraction of zinc, Compounds of Zinc

Unit VII. p-Block Elements-1

Atomic and physical properties of group 15, Trends in Chemical Reactivity of Group 15, Chemistry of Nitrogen, Chemistry of ammonia, A Study of Ammonium Salts, Chemistry of Nitrogen Oxides, Chemistry of Oxacids of Nitrogen, Extraction of phosphorus, Preparation of phosphine; Classification of chemical fertilizers, Chemistry of Halides and Oxides of Phosphorus, Chemistry of Oxacids of Phosphorus, Sources and Properties of Arsenic

Unit VIII. p-Block Elements-2

Atomic and physical properties of group 16 elements, rends in Chemical Properties of Group 16 Elements, Chemistry of Oxygen, Chemistry of Oxides, Chemistry of Ozone, Extraction and properties of sulphur, A Study of Sulphur Compounds, Manufacture and properties of sulphuric acid, Chemistry of Sodium Sulphate and Sodium Thiosulphate

Unit IX. p-Block Elements-3

Atomic and physical properties of group 17 element, Trends in Chemical Reactivity of Group 17 Elements, Chemistry of Fluorine, Chemistry of Chlorine, Chemistry of Bromine and Iodine, Chemistry of Halogen Acids – Part I, Chemistry of Halogen Acids – Part II, Characteristics of oxides of halogens, A Study of Oxy Compounds of Chlorine, Characteristics of Interhalogen Compounds, Atomic and Physical Properties of Group 18 Elements, Compounds of Xenon

Unit X. d and f  Block Elements

Transition Elements, First Row Transition Elements and their Compounds, Trends in Transition Elements Chemistry, Manufactures of Steel, Chemistry of Copper sulphate, Cuprous chloride and Silver nitrate, Chemistry of Potassium dichromate and Potassium permanganate, General characteristics of lanthanides, General characteristics of actinides

Unit XI. Coordination Compounds

Co-ordination Compounds, Werner’s theory of co-ordination compounds, IUPAC Nomenclature of Co-ordination Compounds, Isomerism in co-ordination compounds, Bonding in co-ordination compounds, Stability of Complex Ions, Importance of Co-ordination Compounds

Unit XII. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Preparation and properties of haloalkanes and haloarenes, Chemical Reactions of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Important Halogen Compounds

Unit XIII. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Manufacture of Methanol and Ethanol, Study of Dihydric and Trihydric Alcohols, Study of Phenols, Study of Ethers

Unit XIV. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Study of Aldehydes and Ketones, Chemistry of Methanal, Ethanal, Benzaldehyde and Propanone, Study of Carboxylic Acids

Unit XV. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Study of Nitro Compounds, Study of Amino Compounds, Chemistry of Methanamine, Ethanamine and Aniline, Study of Cyano Compounds, Study of Carbylamino Compounds

Unit XVI. Biomolecules

Classification of Carbohydrates, Chemistry of Glucose, Disaccharides, Polysaccharide, Amino Acids, Classification of Proteins, Structure of Proteins, Types of Nucleic Acids, Chemistry of DNA and RNA, Classification of Hormones, Classification of Vitamins

Unit XVII. Polymers

Classification of Polymers – Part A, Classification of Polymers – Part B, Addition polymerization, Modes of Polymerization, Some Commercially Important Polymers, Cellular Energetics

Unit XVIII. Chemistry in Everyday Life

Chemicals in medicine and health care, Chemicals in cosmetics, Advanced Materials, Chemicals in Food, Detergents


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